Where calathea orbifolia diverges from other calatheas is in its size. Iron is also a micronutrient that’s important to calatheas, and can be found in both fish fertilizer and kelp fertilizer. Burgundy or purple banding is a large part of this difficult-to-find calathea’s look, and it’s gorgeous. They like it to be around 75 degrees or warmer. Psuedomonas blight is much more complex. Dark green patches on a light, silvery-green background, these stripes are both distinctive and beautiful. Description Called Rattlesnake Plant because of the long and wavy patterns on its leaves, the Calathea Lancifolia is definitely an eye-catching houseplant. The striping of the leaves of the zebra plant are inspiration for its name. Here's how to care for them so they flourish. Lighting (either too much or too little) can also be the culprit. Bright indirect light and a humid environment are what this plant likes best, though it can also adjust to … Indoors, it tends to grow smaller in size. Filtered light is the best option. Bright, indirect light is essential for their growth, and a lot of it. Source: Operating System, Calathea ornata. Have you ever grown a rattlesnake plant? While the Maranta species is also referred to as the prayer plant, calathea species are often called that name as well. Calathea lutea’s leaves are huge, sometimes reaching a meter in length. You want a few leaves along with their attached root system. They have very particular requirements in terms of heat, light and moisture. Most gardeners that have the rattlesnake plant experience this problem. Its purple-flecked white flowers can also be pretty, in season, but don’t last for long. As mentioned, Calathea Lancifolia is extremely sensitive to salts. Place your pot over a pebble tray with the material dipped into the water. When fertilizing a calathea, less is more. These should be trimmed off using a clean and sterile pair of pruning shears, right above the soil’s surface. When watering calatheas, use room-temperature water if at all possible. Spring, summer, and fall fertilizing is all that some cultivars require. This shouldn’t be confused with the other zebra plant, Aphelandra squarrosa. Wilting, yellowing plants can signify a large number of problems (some of which I covered in the pruning section above). Zone 10-11 is ideal for calathea plants, but with a caveat: most don’t perform optimally in full sun. The calathea plant loves humidity! If you notice a tip or edge burn often with a yellowish hue at the edge, especially on older leaves, it could be due to your tap water. As mentioned above, calatheas can be finicky little plants. It takes some practice to figure out what your plant’s telling you, so be patient! This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. Most urban dwellers know the struggle of finding the perfect plant that not only adds greenery to your indoor space but … This encourages your plant to put its energy into new growth. All of these are forms of calathea! Hailing from the rainforests of Brazil, this attractive and vibrant plant will bring an instant tropical feel to any home or office. With the exception of older calathea lutea plants, most will wilt if they get too much direct sunlight. While I’m not sure about birds, they’re also considered safe for pet rats, and likely are relatively safe for other rodent pets like mice or hamsters. These are quite popular to grow as their foliage is vibrant and appealing. Your previously-used soil can be added right to your compost pile. This plant is ideal for offices, and rooms that don’t have access to a ton of light. All orders ship FREE to the lower 48 United States. To do this, you need a scrap of cotton cloth, like an old piece of T-shirt material. If you can give this plant the humidity, warmth and filtered sunlight it requires, the bold markings on the rattlesnake plants foliage are sure to impress any visitors. Pests can also appear and succeed in their expansion if humidity is low. On most varieties, the majority of the leaf is a silvery-green hue, edged in a wide band of dark green. Calathea are gorgeous houseplants, but they need a little extra love and tenderness. These tropical plants are finicky, and prefer only specific conditions. Be sure that your plants are kept out of drafty locations and away from vents or other air sources. Any of the root knot nematodes or burrowing nematodes that might attack your plant’s roots will be eliminated! During the winter season, allow the top layer of soil to dry out before watering again. You can feed the plant monthly during the growing season as part of your rattlesnake plant care regimen using a diluted solution of a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer. Calathea plants prefer to grow in shaded rooms with indirect light. Source: Dick Culbert, Calathea veitchiana showing new leaf growth. Avoid overhead watering for your plants. For calathea care, they do well in medium light or low light plant that is non toxic and safe for cats and dogs. This tropical calathea species is native to the rainforests of Brazil and gets its common name from the distinctive decorative markings that are displayed on its leaves. Calathea lancifolia (Rattlesnake ) Calathea concinna (Freddie) Calathea ornata (Pinstripe) The main type that you’ll see most places have beautiful dark green leaves with colorful markings. There’s nearly three hundred cultivars of Calathea, split up amongst several dozen species. These tropical plants are finicky, and prefer only specific conditions. A natural waxy substance forms on the underside of the leaf to protect them against the heat. These fine stripes create the same look as a bird’s plumage might. There’s an added perk to those beneficial nematodes, too. Check out our easy-care, pet-friendly, low-light and unusual houseplants. If growing indoors, most will be happy at 70-75 degrees, provided that they get enough indirect lighting. There are many calathea species and hundreds of cultivars. While drench treatments of copper fungicide may be effective to slow down disease spread, the only way to eliminate it entirely is to dispose of the infected soil. Fertilize lightly every 2-4 weeks through the growing season. The upper part of the leaf is a nice midrange green, with darker edges and oval spots. Two leaf-spots, alternaria leaf spot and helminthosporium leaf spot, are common on calatheas. The only reliable way to propagate calathea plants is via division. I hope you learned a thing or two about your new Calathea and are able to care for it in the best way! Hi, I'm Kevin. Tiny yellow flowers appear between these bracts, but the bracts are where it derives the name! Used to wrap tamales in Guatemala, calathea lutea has long and paddle-shaped leaves. This process is called nyctinasty. You don’t want it wet, just damp to the touch. She has been involved in the Pet Industry for over 15 years. Indoors, it’s simple: place a pebble tray beneath the plant. This calathea can produce small white or purplish flowers during the summer months. Most Marantas have ovoid leaves rather than the more common spear or lance-shaped leaves of calatheas. Frequent small watering is required rather than deep irrigation. How to take care of your Calathea Rattlesnake Water. The Calathea Rattlesnake is a prayer plant with long wavy green leaves that have a pattern of deep green brushstrokes on top, resembling reptile skin, and a deep purple underside. Source: Wikimedia Commons, Calathea roseopicta. Medallion Calathea (C. veitchiana) Out of all calathea species, none can take the place of … Calathea plants are gorgeous and can look amazing in your home. You want the soil to provide extra humidity through evaporation. You want about an inch of pebbles in the tray, and you want the pebbles to have water about halfway up the sides. Common calathea medallion care issues include curling leaves, brown leaves, or wilting leaves. Do not re-use the soil they were in. But enough about the uses of calathea. Its pattern looks very similar to that of a specific type of rattlesnake, hence the name. Listen to this post on the Epic Gardening Podcast, Subscribe to the Epic Gardening Podcast on iTunes. Rattlesnake Plants (Calathea lancifolia) aren't the easiest houseplants to nurture, but, if you give them them the care they need, you will be rewarded with an impressive display from their foliage. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. It has wider stripes than the pin stripe calathea mentioned below. A bait like Garden Safe Slug & Snail Bait will distract them from the plants and kill them off. Use an appropriately balanced water-soluble fertilizer to feed the plant during active growth seasons, which run from the spring through the fall. Increase the humidity to 50% or greater by either ensuring that it’s on top of a pebble tray, or by adding a humidifier nearby. Once again, neem oil is effective against these pests, but you may consider an alternative such as Safer Soap. Source: Dick Culbert, Calathea zebrina. With many vivid variations, this leafy plant can be a perfect addition to your living space. You can also squeeze a spray or two of water mist onto the leaves, but not enough to cause water droplets to build up. You can also regularly mist your plant or bring them into the bathroom whenever you are showering. However, it hates wet feet. Calathea lutea, ‘Cigar Calathea’, ‘Cuban Cigar’, ‘Pampano’, ‘Maxan’. While I can’t cover them all in one article, I can give you a good overview of this Marantaceae family plant’s more popular varieties. This bacteria may remain in the soil, so dispose of that as well. But if Fido or Fluffy decides to snack on your houseplant, they shouldn’t have lasting damage from it. It is a worthy addition to any tropical houseplant collection and looks great as a stand-alone specimen too. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Source: CabbageRoseCat, Insect damage to calathea picturata. Calathea is considered nontoxic to cats and dogs. In its native region, the rattlesnake plant produces small yellow flowers in the late spring. Over the summer period, when your rattlesnake plant experiences the most growth, they will need to be watered frequently. To provide great Rattlesnake Plant care, place your plant in bright, indirect light and keep the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. One thing which is not advisable with these plants is to mulch around them. Keep track of when you water your calathea initially, as well as when you fertilize it, how much light it’s getting each day, and other conditions. Your rattlesnake plant will appreciate being fed every month during the spring and summer growing season. Be sure the soil is moist before fertilizing. These little bugs are more of an annoyance than anything else, as the adults form clouds of tiny little pests, but the larvae can eat through your plant’s roots. Conversely, the leaves can begin to curl unattractively when they don't receive enough water. Unlike other plants in the Marantaceae family, calathea cannot be propagated reliably from cuttings. Too much water can cause distress to the plant. Calathea is a genus of neotropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plants; members of which are referred to generally as Calatheas. Underneath, the leaf tends to maroon or reddish-purple coloration. While it can be found occasionally in tropical arboretums, calathea veitchiana is hard to find at the local garden center. But if you can provide good calathea plant care, you’ll have a stunning tropical plant to liven your living space. To prevent spread to other plants, you should remove and destroy infected plants. This tropical evergreen can be grown outdoors in parts of California, Florida, and Hawaii, but otherwise is a common indoor houseplant. Increase the humidity Your Calathea is a tropical plant, so it will thrive in more humid environments. While indoors these typically grow to a foot and a half in size, outdoor plants can grow up to an extra foot of height. Pale leaves are a symptom of too little fertilizer. Calathea plants can be a beautiful addition to your home, but can be finicky sometimes. Older leaves can turn yellow or brown with age. Using a balanced liquid fertilizer encourages impressive and healthy foliage development. As with most calatheas, they love shady areas with high humidity and are perfect indoors (7). Never let a Calathea plant sit in water Sunlight. Avoid trimming those central leaves, and try to focus on causes that might be causing them to yellow. It could be the temperature is not right, or you’re watering too much or too little. 1.5k. This is usually caused by a lack of humidity around the plant. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. However, small varieties, such as Flowering Calathea, can only reach about 12 inches (30 cm) in height. A key consideration for any calathea plant is proper lighting, and the rattlesnake is no exception. Thoroughly wash all soil off of the fragile plant roots. Popular types of calathea include the pinstripe plant (Calathea ornata), rattlesnake plant (Calathea lancifolia), and zebra plant (Calathea zebrina). It’s easy to tell the two apart, as calathea zebrina has much wider and distinctive stripes on a lighter background. In some areas of the world, they’re useful as well as decorative. August 2020. Mature specimens can have leaves between 15″ and 35″ wide, and grow to several feet tall outdoors. This is probably the fastest and easiest way to propagate Calathea. Brown tips on leaves are fairly common amongst calatheas. An off-the-shelf African violet mix has good drainage, and the peat moss holds just enough water to allow the soil to remain moist most of the time. Some cultivars even have a third layer of dark green forming a third leaf-shape in the center of the oval-like, pointy-tipped leaf. This calathea plant tends to grow much larger than the average calathea at 6-10′ in height outdoors. Watering. Although these plants can't handle standing water, they do still like to be kept moist. Keep this in mind when deciding on the Calathea variety you wish to grow in your home. However, the care and advice will apply broadly to all plants in the Calathea genus. Try to keep your rattlesnake plant away from air conditioning units and heating systems to avoid exposing it to undesired dry air. When it comes to soil, it needs to be one that is well-drained. Because this plant has large leaves, you may be tempted to use leaf shine to give the foliage an extra boost. It means this plant is suitable for those who want to grow a Calathea in their home but do not want to have a plant that is too demanding or difficult to care for. Mealybugs and other scale insects can appear on your calathea. Calathea Lancifolia, or “Rattlesnake Calathea Plant” The calathea lancifolia, otherwise known as the “rattlesnake plant” was one of the first calathea varieties I got many years ago. Lush, deep green leaves form the base for what looks like feathery stripes of lighter green, white, ivory, or pink in this variety. Opting for distilled water is safest. Source: El Chepi, Downy Mildew: How To Stop This Plant Disease Before It Starts, Best Dandelion Killer: 9 Options To Demolish Weeds, Calathea, rattlesnake plant, cigar calathea, Cuban cigar, pampano, maxan, peacock plant, cathedral windows, striped calathea, pin stripe calathea, pin-striped calathea, rose-painted calathea, zebra plant, Calathea lancifolia, Calathea lutea, Calathea makoyana, Calathea orbifolia, Calathea ornata, Calathea picturata, Calathea roseopicta, Calathea veitchiana, Calathea zebrina and many others, Spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, scale insects, fungus gnats, root knot nematodes, burrowing nematodes, caterpillars, slugs, Pseudomonas leaf spot, psuedomonas blight, alternaria leaf spot, helminthosporium leaf spot, fusarium, root rot, cucumber mosaic virus. In medium light or low light plant that is non toxic and safe for cats and dogs put... Your soil to use for your own calathea yet a creamy white striping that ’ s rarely more than couple! 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