What are the Light Requirements for Ficus Trees? It's fortunate for Ficus benjamina, also known as weeping fig, that it grows well in pots, because it can only thrive in the ground in frost-free areas. Ficus plants have the unique characteristic of rubbery, glossy leaves and grow in a variety of shapes and sizes. International House, comosa Panigrahi & Murti Ficus benjamina var. To keep your ficus tree in a bonsai format, you’ll need to prune the branches and leavers that get unruly. Ficus benjamina Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Moraceae Tribe: Ficeae Genus: Ficus Subgenus: F. subg. Ficus microcarpa ostiole has a 3 way slit Ficus benjamina ostiole is a circular hole Ficus microcarpa branches grow strongly upwards Ficus benjamina branches are drooping or weeping. GardenBeast is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. Since then she has gone on to develop a passion for growing vegetables & fruit in her garden. The common fig (Ficus carica) is cultivated for its pear-shaped edible fruits, which are really hollow fleshy receptacles (syconia) containing hundreds of male and female flowers. However, ficus is a hardy plant, and it’s easy to bring them back to health with the right care, even if they’re at death’s door. Tree-types are an excellent choice for standalone-plants in the house. The branches and trunk can get leggy if you leave it alone to its own devices. During dormancy, the ficus recovers from all of the stress of the growing season. Ficus trees can grow large when left unmanaged. The dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches of weeping fig made it quite popular as a landscape tree until recently. However, ficus trees can be somewhat picky. see more; Synonyms Ficus nitida. Ficus trees make for fantastic indoor or outdoor growing, and all varieties do well as bonsai trees as well. Water your ficus once or twice a week, and use the finger-soil test mentioned above as a guideline for your watering practice. We recommend you use a sharp pair of pruning scissors and some protective gardening gloves when pruning your ficus. To bring the plant back to life in the spring, just water the roots, and it will start to produce new leaf shoots. Ficus trees are native to tropical regions of the world, with many popular varieties coming from Africa, Asia, and Europe. When planting your ficus, most gardeners use them as pot plants inside the home. This is an attractive plant that carries glossy ovate leaves, which can reach about 5 inches (12 cm) in length. Press the soil down to remove any air pockets, and then water the soil thoroughly. Flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. You can braid of shape the branches and trees to create a beautiful bonsai. Common tree in commercial interior landscapes or in large pots; common house pot tree. Used as a small tree in interior settings; potential to overgrow ideal locations, thus dwarf forms may be better suited; environmentally sensitive and may drop leaves as a response to change in light, heat, humidity, wind gusts, etc; variegated leaf forms are also available; sap drips when pruned (messy); stems are flexuous and can be braided or trained to arch; older specimens may have numerous aerial roots. When transplanting, it’s vital that you don’t let the root ball dry out. Don’t be afraid to trim back the tree as new shoots appear fast and turn into leaves in a few days. Water again when it feels dry. Fruits also edible; Ficus pumila, ripe fruit; Ficus racemosa, ripe fruit edible, unripe fruits picked, young shoots eaten raw or cooked; and, Ficus sycomorus, fruit edible, leaves eaten in soups. N.C. However, most ficus trees prefer a spot in your home near a window where they can enjoy the morning sun, and they stay cool in the afternoon. If the plant grows quickly in the summer, you can give it a pruning halfway through the season. Ficus benjamina: Weeping Fig 3 Ozone sensitivity: unknown Verticillium wilt susceptibility: susceptible Pest resistance: resistant to pests/diseases Use and Management Fruit can stain cars and sidewalks, so the tree should not be planted close to streets, walks or parking lots. It is widely grown in the tropics as an ornamental tree or hedge. comosa King Fic… Contact her at hollie@gardenbeast.com or follow on twitter https://twitter.com/greenholliec. 'Golden King' Yellow and cream margins. These plants enter a dormancy period during the winter, and they don’t require any water or fertilizer during this time. Characteristics of Ficus Carica This fertilizing strategy gives the roots a boost during the early part of the growing season. Fiddle Leaf Ficus, or Ficus Lyrata, is another popular variety for use as a houseplant. Ficus trees prefer warm weather for optimal growing conditions. The trees are notable for their glossy green, ovoid foliage that taper to a point. Flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. Though there are many other ornamentally grown figs, only this one has drooping thin leaves and tapering tips. This is a huge tree growing to 60 feet tall and 60 to 100 feet wide. Glossy, slender-pointed ovate leaves, 5 in. It is very sensitive to light so if the plant is moved, expect it to drop leaves and produce new ones that are accustomed to the new light conditions. We may get paid if you buy something or take an action after clicking one of these. Weeping ficus or fig is one of the most popular houseplants found in homes, offices, and interior landscaping. During this period, the roots establish in the soil. Ficus benjamina is a fig tree that is commonly grown indoors. UK, Hours Both of these varieties grow readily, and if you don’t prune them, they can reach heights of up to 6-feet. Ficus benjaminia is a very popular houseplant because of its tolerance of poor growing conditions. Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) is the main topic of the article, that gives the botanical description, the properties and the uses of plant. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. They are elegant and grow dense, glossy dark foliage, although, when stressed, it will shed its leaves easily. The dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches of Weeping Fig made it quite popular as a landscape tree until recently. What are the Humidity and Temperature Requirements for Ficus Trees? form a strategic partnership called N.C. Give the ficus at least a month to settle in the container. 80, no 1, pp. Fill the pot with a high-quality potting mix, and leave a space for the root ball of the plant. Extremely popular as a houseplant, Ficus benjamina (Weeping Fig) is an evergreen shrub or tree adorned with a dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches. Once you place them in their pot in your home, they don’t enjoy moving. These trees tend to stress when you move them around. Genus Ficus can be evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs or climbers, with often leathery, simple, entire or lobed leaves and tiny flowers borne within a hollow receptacle which enlarges to form the fruit . These trees suffer in the cold weather, and if you live in a colder region of the United States, you’ll have to bring the tree indoors during the evenings as the fall and winter arrive. Ficus benjaminia is a very popular houseplant because of its tolerance of poor growing conditions. The optimum pH value for the ficus is between 6.5 and 7. 1). It is sometimes confused with Ficus microcarpa, which is actually less weepy and more upright. Place the roots into the hole and backfill the hole with potting soil. Synonyms Synonymy Ficus benjamina var. The plant does not require misting. Name – Ficus benjamina Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. Prune the ficus in the wintertime before it enters the dormancy period. Urostigma Species: F. benjamina Binomial name Ficus benjamina L. 1767 Range of the species Ficus benjamina. When gardeners give their ficus everything it needs, they thrive. Due to the nature of their leaves, this plant is also called a rubber plant or rubber tree, and the genus Ficus has a variety of related plants and trees. Hollie has written for a number of publications and is now the resident garden blogger here at GardenBeast. Ficus trees don’t need much fertilizer during the growing season. Raised lenticels, sometimes with adventitious roots. The thick, shiny, two to four-inch-long, evergreen leaves generously clothe the long branches, and the tiny figs eventually turn a yellow, orange, or dark red when ripe. Learn About Ficus Houseplants. Ficus Benjamina and Frost Damage. Ficus grows readily in ideal growing conditions, and it’s the ideal choice for home gardeners that want a low-maintenance but attractive plant. Therefore, chose a pot that’s a little bigger than a half-gallon ice cream container when potting your ficus tree. It is intolerant to cold and should be kept away from drafts. However, only a few of the types do well as indoor plants. You can find ficus in all types of heights and textures, with weeping ficus and fiddle ficus being popular indoor bonsai trees. The weeping fig tree (Ficus benjamina), also known as Benjamin fig tree or simply ficus tree, is a very popular and easy-to-care-for houseplant.Of all the species in the genus Ficus, this one is the best for indoor cultivation.Learn how to care for a weeping fig indoors in this blog. Basic Ficus benjamina facts. Some people may have allergies to latex and should avoid getting the latex liquid on their skin. The species that come from Africa don’t need much water to survive, but they prefer if the soil remains moist during the growing season. Its ability to disinfect and purify the air makes it very useful for families. Therefore, the best strategy is to leave them in one area for their entire lifetime, the less you move the plant, the stronger it grows. An evergreen shrub or tree with drooping branches, the leaves are alternate, simple, long-tipped, and glossy. Weeping fig is one of the best plants for improving air qu… Trailing types look fantastic when hanging from flower baskets on the patio. You can make new ficus trees from your existing plants using the non-woody stem cutting method. The Narrow Leaf fig (Ficus maclellandii ‘Alii’) is another species of ficus tree that grows well indoors. New ficus plants from the nursery require a period of adjustment before you can put them in direct sunlight. It is undemanding and easy to cultivate. The thick, shiny, two to five-inch-long, evergreen leaves generously clothe the long branches, and the tiny figs eventually turn a deep red. Weak winter light made many of the white patches turn green. A globose to slightly oblong fig, in pairs, green maturing to reddish then purple-black. Some links may be affiliate links. Ficus Carcia is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family. Ficus benjamina is a weeping fig characterized by ovoid and shiny green leaves, dropping ornamentally. Sometimes small yellow fruit (reportedly edible) can be found on the plant. ✔ We Released The Ficus Benjamina HandBook CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE >> bracteata Corner Ficus benjamina var comosa Kurz Ficus benjamina subsp. Asthma caused by Ficus benjamina latex : evidence of cross-reactivity with fig fruit and papain / Diez-Gomez M L, Quirce S, Aragoneses E and Cuevas M / Annual Meeting of the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, San Diego, California, 1998, vol. When positioning your ficus indoors, place them in an area of the home where they are away from drafted and air-conditioning vents. Ficus trees prefer humid environments if you want them to grow fleshy, colorful leaves. What are the Pest and Diseases Affecting Ficus Trees? Ovate-elliptic to oblong, acuminate, rotund, entire, glabrous, coriaceous, 8-12 pairs of lateral veins. Tips for planting and caring for Weeping Fig trees. Company No.05695741 Miniature cultivars like "Too Little' are popular for bonsai. Ficus are reasonably drought-resistant plants. At the beginning of the spring, you can feed the tree with a liquid-based all-purpose fertilizer at half-strength. Ficus benjamina -- commonly called the weeping fig, the small-leaved rubber plant or the Benjamin fig tree -- is a broadleaf evergreen shrub typically kept as a houseplant. Minute, unisexual, enclosed in fleshy receptacle (fig), entered by apical orifice and pollinated by fig wasps. The flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. Ficus trees are a tropical species that enjoy warm and humid climates. What are the Soil Requirements for Ficus Trees? It is a broadleaf evergreen tree that grows to 50’ tall. Leave the cutting in the rooting hormone for a few minutes, and then transfer to a small container with potting mix. If you consider the site and soil conditions, a ficus (Ficus benjamina) is basically very easy to maintain. Kooc Media Ltd This evergreen houseplant has long stems and the long leaves give the indoor tree a bushy appearance. It is also commonly known as the weeping fig. Registered Company No.05695741 Online Resource for Backyards & Gardens. Ficus Benjamina, or the weeping fig, is a popular indoor variety. If you cut a leaf, you’ll notice a thick, milky-shite substance come from the wound. The legend goes that when Buddha received enlightenment, he was sitting under the shade of a ficus tree. 61 Mosley Street, Manchester, Make sure that you only use the non-woody shoots from the tree as your cutting. The leaf is used for conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and skin conditions. Evergreen to semi-evergreen tree to 30', graceful and upright. Origin. If aphids or spider mites start to invade your ficus, it will begin to drop leaves. Alternate, simple, long-tipped, and glossy, 2-5 in. What is commonly referred to as a ficus is technically a weeping fig. Kumquat Tree Guide: How to Grow & Care For Kumquat Trees, Bloodgood Japanese Maple Tree Guide: How to Care for “Acer palmatum”, Ficus Alii Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Ficus binnendijkii ‘Alii’”, Sedum Spurium Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Red Carpet” Succulents, Best Automatic Chicken Coop Door Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Best Indoor Plant Stand Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Sambucus Nigra Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Black Lace”. 'Starlight Variegated leaves. However, in order to yield properly, Ficus Benjamina need tropical pollinating wasps. They are very rich in vitamins and minerals. Newer stems have small furrows. Variegated cultivars exist. Live Ficus Benjaminaaka Weeping Fig Tree, from Amazon. There are a few diseases that might affect your ficus tree, but as long as you don’t keep it in a drafty location, it should stay disease-free. This fig fruit can be eaten raw or it can be used in cooking. Some ficus varieties contain latex in the leaves. Press Esc to cancel. The flowers are tiny, but produce a showy fruit. The ficus (Ficus benjamina) also needs a corresponding mineral portion, which may be a little coarser. There are dozens of ficus varieties available from online retailers and nurseries. The flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. Ficus Diseases, Plant Diseases, Penn State Extension; How to Care for Ficus Benjamina; Caring for Bonsai Ficus Trees; This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice … If the roots get dry, the plant starts to stress, and drop leaves. Family Moraceae . M2 3HZ Branches will weep toward the ground forming a canopy so dense t… Noteworthy Characteristics Ficus benjamina, commonly called weeping fig, is native from India to northern Australia. Let the soil dry out until it’s dry if you poke your finger and inch below the surface. It’s a member of the Ficus genus of plants, which also includes rubber trees and fig fruit trees, but when it comes to houseplants, most people refer to a weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) as simply a ficus. Ficus in enjoy well-lit areas in the home that are free of drafts. Otherwise known as fig trees, the ficus is a popular indoor and outdoor tree in gardens and homes across the United States. In its natural environment the Benjamin’s fig is a big tree reaching as much as 30 m (98 ft) tall. Keep in mind that all of the blossoms are female, so it means the tree pollinates itself. Ficus trees are not toxic to people and pets, and they’re safe to have around your home. Take the cutting at a 45-degree angle, and then dip the tip of the cutting into rooting hormone. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Monday—Friday: 9:00AM–5:00PM Ficus include the huge banyan trees on the Big Island of Hawaii, the fig tree you are growing in your garden for the fruit, rubber trees and the smaller ornamental ficus used as houseplants. You’ll need to decide if you want a tree-type or trailing ficus. The fruits of this tree are known as fig. This is a huge tree growing to 60 feet tall and 60 to 70 feet wide (Fig. It has been shown to effectively remove indoor air pollutants. Type above and press Enter to search. Many gardeners find growing ficus plants a challenging but rewarding experience. Keep in mind that not all Ficus Benjamina will yield fruit, particularly those that are kept indoors. 'Variegata' Leaves Close-Up (Mecklenburg County,NC), Tropical & Subtropical Asia and Northern Australia, Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). The ficus grows quickly in the right conditions. Watering and fertilizing. Ficus trees are reasonably resistant to pests and diseases. For best results, transplant new ficus trees as soon as possible to prevent stress on the plant. It has slender branches that arch gracefully from a light gray trunk. Leaf is elliptic with long, acuminate tip, Stems are flexuous and are often braided/trained. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. After a month, you can feed your ficus using an all-purpose liquid fertilizer. Drooping branches slender; older specimens with pendulous aerial roots. She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online. Ficus trees prefer growing in temperatures of above 70F, and they start to stress when the mercury falls below 60F. It performs best in bright sunny locations but will also survive in shade. What Are the Best Varieties of Ficus Trees? 78-136 Sources. Add a layer of pebbles or stones at the bottom of the container for additional drainage. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Ficus benjamina Cultivars 'Danielle' Thick strong leaves, weeping. Folded in towards the midrib and droop down towards the ground. The ease of shaping the plant makes it a favorite choice for bonsai growers. Ficus benjamina ‘Variegata’ I took the photo in winter. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The weeping fig also known as ficus benjamina is very common in the households due to its ability to tolerate poor living conditions.